Both in the summary as well as the paraphrase we have quoted Curtis’s “clustering together in a dense ball,” a phrase that lies in the centre of her description of wintering honeybees. For us to spell it out this clustering in any language except that Curtis’s would be pointless since her description is admirably precise.
Quoting Authoritative Language
You shall would also like to make use of quotations that lend authority to your work. When quoting a professional or some prominent political, artistic, or figure that is historical you raise up your own work by placing it in esteemed company. Quote respected figures to establish background information in a paper, and your readers will tend to perceive that given information as reliable. Quote the opinions of respected figures to endorse some statement that you have made, and your statement becomes more credible to your readers. For example, in an essay you could make use of a passage from Thoreau’s Walden that you might write on the importance of reading well:
It “is a noble exercise,” writes Henry David Thoreau in Walden, “and one that may task your reader more than any exercise that your customs regarding the day esteem. It takes a training like the athletes underwent. Books must certanly be read as deliberately and reservedly while they were written.”
By quoting a famous philosopher and essayist about them of reading, you add legitimacy to your discussion. Not merely would you regard reading to be an art and craft this is certainly both difficult and important; so too does Henry David Thoreau, one of our most influential thinkers that are american. The quotation has elevated the known amount of your work.
You can also quote to advantage well-respected figures who’ve written or spoken in regards to the subject of one’s paper. Let me reveal a discussion of space flight. Author David Chandler refers to a physicist and an astronaut:
A few scientists – notably James Van Allen, discoverer regarding the Earth’s radiation belts – have decried the cost associated with the manned space program and called for an almost exclusive attention to unmanned scientific exploration instead, saying this would be much more cost-effective.
Other space scientists dispute that idea. Joseph Allen, physicist and shuttle that is former, says, “this indicates to be argued this one takes out of the other. But before there was a space that is manned, the funding on space science was zero. Now it really is about $500 million a year”
Note, first, that in the paragraph that is first has either summarized or used an Indirect quotation to incorporate remarks created by James Van Allen into the discussion on space flight. When you look at the second paragraph, Chandler directly quotes his next source, Joseph Allen. Both quotations, indirect and direct, lend legitimacy and authority to your article, both for James Van Allen and Joseph Allen are experts about the subject of space flight. Note also that Chandler has provided brief but effective biographies of his sources, identifying both in order for their qualifications to speak about them are recognized to all:
James Van Allen, discoverer associated with the Earth’s radiation belts .
Joseph Allen, physicist and former shuttle astronaut .
The phrases in italics are called appositives. Their function is to rename the nouns they follow by giving explicit, identifying detail. Any information on somebody who could be expressed in the following sentence pattern could be changed to an phrase that is appositive
James Van Allen is the discoverer associated with the Earth’s radiation belts.
James Van Allen has decried the cost associated with the manned space program
James Van Allen, discoverer associated with the Earth’s radiation belts, has decried the expense of the manned space program.
Use appositives to spot authors whom you quote.
Incorporating Quotations into the Sentences
Quoting Only the Part of a Sentence or Paragraph That You Need
As you’ve seen, a writer selects passages for quotation which can be especially vivid and memorable, concise, or authoritative. Now we shall put these principles into practice. Guess that while conducting research on the topic of college sports you have come across the next, authored by Robert Hutchins, former president associated with the University of Chicago:
If athleticism is harmful to students, players, alumni while the public, it is even worse when it comes to colleges and universities themselves. They want to be institutions that are educational but they can’t. The storyline associated with the halfback that is famous only regret, as he bade his coach farewell, was that he hadn’t learned to see and write is probably exaggerated. But we must admit that pressure from trustees, graduates, “friends,” presidents and even professors has had a tendency to relax academic standards. These gentry often overlook the undeniable fact that a college shouldn’t be thinking about a fullback that is a half-wit. Recruiting, subsidizing additionally the double educational standard cannot exist with no knowledge additionally the tacit approval, at the least, associated with universities and colleges themselves. Certain institutions encourage susceptible professors to be nice to athletes now admitted if you are paying them for serving as “faculty representatives” regarding the college athletic boards. 4
Suppose that from this entire paragraph you find a gem, a quotable grouping of words which will enliven your discussion. You may want to quote an element of the sentence that is following
These gentry often disregard the known fact that a college really should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit.
Incorporating the Quotation to the Flow of your very own Sentence
as soon as you’ve selected the passage you intend to quote, work the material to your paper in as natural and fluid a manner as possible. Here’s how exactly we would quote Hutchins:
Robert Hutchins, a former president associated with the University of Chicago, asserts that “a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit.”
Remember that we have used an appositive to identify Hutchins. And we’ve used only the area of the paragraph – a clause that is single that we thought memorable adequate to quote directly.
Avoiding Freestanding Quotations
A quoted sentence should never stand by itself – such as the following example:
Various people associated with the university admit that the pressures of athleticism have caused a relaxation of standards. https://edubirdies.org/write-my-paper-for-me “These gentry often overlook the undeniable fact that a college really should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit.” But this type or sorts of thinking is detrimental to the university and also worse when it comes to athletes.
Even in the event that you include a parenthetical citation following the quotation, you must not leave a quotation freestanding, as above, because the effect is generally jarring to your reader. Introduce the quotation by attributing the foundation in some other an element of the sentence – beginning, middle, or end. Thus, you could write:
According to Robert Hutchins, “These gentry often disregard the known proven fact that a college really should not be thinking about a fullback that is a half-wit.”
“These gentry,” asserts Robert Hutchins, “often disregard the undeniable fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit.”
Another alternative would be to introduce a sentence-long quotation with a colon:
But Robert Hutchins disagrees: “These gentry often forget the known proven fact that a college really should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit.”
Use colons and to introduce indented quotations (as in the examples above).
When attributing sources, make an effort to vary the typical “states,” “writes,” “says,” and so forth. Other, stronger verbs you might consider: “asserts,” “argues,” “maintains,” “insists,” “asks,” and also “wonders.”
Using Ellipsis Marks quotations that are using made somewhat complicated when you need to quote the start and end of a passage yet not its middle – as was the situation when we quoted Henry David Thoreau. Here is part of the paragraph in Walden from where we quoted a sentences that are few
to read through well, that is, to learn true books in a spirit that is true is a noble exercise, plus one which will task the reader more than any exercise that your customs regarding the day esteem. It requires an exercise like the athletes underwent, the intention that is steady for the entire life to this object. Books should be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. 5